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调整产业结构 优化畜群结构 阿盟决心让草场超载成为历史

                                                                              08/31/00      

【摘自《阿盟日报》】阿拉善盟努力调整畜牧业生产结构,采取有力措施控制过牧现象,使畜牧业由资源数量扩张型向资源质量效益型转变。阿拉善盟过去只顾追求牲畜头数增长,致使牲畜超载过牧严重,生态环境急剧恶化.近几年全盟连遭沙尘暴袭击。对此,这个盟采取有力措施控制牲畜过牧现象,并明文规定将全盟牲畜总头数限制到180万头(只)左石。    

这个盟提出了转移战略和农牧区三三组合(即农、牧、乡镇企业从业人员各占1/3)的方针.将全盟生产生活条件极为恶劣和边、远牧区的稀散人口8000 多户1万多人,向资源富集区和农业贻d发区转移。这个盟明确提出了压缩牲畜头数、控制山羊、保护骆驼、稳定绵羊的发展思路,建立了北部为骆驼带、中北部为白绒山羊带、南部为绵羊带的草原畜牧业基地。重点发展农区畜牧业,提出了人均1口猪、户均1头午、亩均1只羊的发展目标,使农区牲畜由过去的5万头(只),发展到25万头(只),形成了引种入牧和引牧入种新格局,实现了饲草料基本自给,改变了过去一遇大旱就从外地大量调草运科状况,达到了农牧业生产互补互助的目的,这个盟在实施牲畜种子的同时,对3.26万头(只)种公畜实施普查,并进行了鉴定、建档、立卡。完成了42万只白绒山羊改良配种和2.1万峰骆驼的选配。建立白绒山羊人工授精点161处,成功地实现白绒山羊常温人工授精2万只,胚胎移植153只。良种畜、改良畜比例达到63%。山羊个体产绒量达到0.3公斤以上;骆驼产毛量达到4公斤以上;绵羊胴体重量达到20公斤左右。同时,这个盟每年牲畜出栏率都达到40%左右,既减轻了对草场的压力,也使牧民得到了经济上的实惠。目前.这个盟畜牧业增加值已达到1.68亿元.农牧民人均纯收入达到2301元。

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