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保护贺兰山

08/25/00

在贺兰山林子里生活了70年的回族牧民马维义最近处理掉300多只羊,只等着一开春就举家搬出贺兰山,到孪井滩农业扶贫开发区去开创新的生活。 像马维义一样将要到孪井滩的牧民有68户,还有更多的牧户将搬到巴音浩特、乌素图小区或者古拉本镇去从事第三产业。这是内蒙古阿拉左旗禁牧封闭贺兰山国家自然保护区的行动之一,有关部门证实,将有15万只羊离开这个自然保护区,不再啃咬贺兰山。

贺兰山位于阿左旗和宁夏自治区交界处,西坡归阿左旗,面积700多平方公里,平均海拔2700米,最高处达3556米,森林面积36万亩。1985年和1992年,被国务院列为中国西北水源涵养林区和国家自然保护区。有关专家介绍,贺兰山是阿左旗赖以生存和发展的生命源头,早在十多年前,这个旗就把贺兰山生态治理确定为全旗重点生态项目,经过十多年积蓄力量、创造条件,于去年10月全面启动自然保护区生态治理工程,已发放各类房屋搬迁费398万元。去年12月,旗政府下达最后清山令,从此,世世代代生活在山林里的牧户和羊群将搬出林区。世世代代在山林里生活的牧民虽然恋恋不舍大山和森林,但是,他们从心眼里拥护禁牧封山。有个老牧民说:我小的时候,到处是泉水,青羊随时跑进羊群里来,现在泉干了,草没了,再不封山,贺兰山就要给啃秃了。

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