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Inner Mongolia’s Largest Environmental Immigration Project Starts

By  Li Chun-xia  and  Shi Jian-jun

[ China Central Television ( CCTV ) International News, June 5, 2002 ]  In order to further speed up the environmental development pace, Inner Mongolia’s largest Environmental Immigration project has recently started up. Currently, herdsmen of some ten Banners ( Qi ) and Counties ( Xian ) in Inner Mongolia’s Chifeng area are being successively relocated from their scattered dwellings of remote rural areas to relatively population concentrated and transportation unobstructed new immigration townships.

During the “Tenth Five-year Plan”, 125,000 people in Chifeng area in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region will be relocated as environmental immigrants. 14,000 herdsmen are expected to be relocated this year.

“ to be honest, I am not willing to leave my ancestral homeland where I have lived for my lifetime, however, I have to, because my livestock have nothing to live on due to the environmental devastation”, says herdsman Jinxi.

One of the reasons of herdsmen’s being relocated is that the grasslands which had plenty of water and lush grass in the past are being seriously degraded and desertificated because of increasingly growing livestock population. Eco-system needs to be protected. On the other hand, for long period, these herdsmen could not resolve their problems such as water and electricity supply, access to education and medical treatment due to the scattered residential style.

Reportedly, every relocated herdsmen household could be allocated with a two-room house provided by the local government and 2 Mu ( approximately 0.1334 hectares ) of irrigational farmland. The grasslands where they lived still belong to herdsmen, and they will be allowed to go back to grasslands to reap grass after the grasslands are recovered. Henceforth, local governments will tackle the seriously degraded and desertificated grasslands in a comprehensive way by encircling, rotational herding, grass-planting, and tree-planting.



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Close to Eden (Urga): France, Soviet Union, directed by Nikita Mikhilkov

Beyond Great WallsBeyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity, and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

The Mongols at China's EdgeThe Mongols at China's Edge: History and the Politics of National Unity

China's Pastoral RegionChina's Pastoral Region: Sheep and Wool, Minority Nationalities, Rangeland Degradation and Sustainable Development

Changing Inner MongoliaChanging Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)

Grasslands and Grassland Science in Northern ChinaGrasslands and Grassland Science in Northern China: A Report of the Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China

The Ordos Plateau of ChinaThe Ordos Plateau of China: An Endangered Environment (Unu Studies on Critical Environmental Regions)
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