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内蒙古2 亿多亩草原遭破坏

摘自﹕光明日报

记者4 月19 日从国家林业局了解到﹐据初步预算﹐内蒙古等地现在已有2 亿多亩草原﹐因挖发菜而遭到了严重破坏。

据悉﹐近十年来﹐来自各地的多达200 万左右人次的挖发菜者﹐非法进入内蒙古大草原挖掘发菜﹐涉及的操场面积约为2.2 亿多亩﹐遍布内蒙古中西部的锡林郭﹑乌兰察布﹑巴彦诺儿﹑伊克昭﹑阿拉善盟等12 个地方。到目前为止﹐掠夺性的发菜挖掘已经致使当地0.6 亿亩草原遭到完全破坏﹐成为荒漠化地带﹔其余1 亿多亩草原在遭到严重破坏之后﹐目前正处于沙化过程中。这2 亿多亩草原战内蒙古大草原总面积的18%左右﹐对保持生态平衡起着相当重要的作用。由于草原总面积的急剧减少﹐导致剩余操场加重了超载放牧的趋势﹐进一步加剧了整个大草原的破坏。内蒙古为此每年损失近30 亿元﹐对生态环境的破坏损失不可估量。

专家一直认为﹕沙尘暴加重的趋势是挖发菜不可分得﹐挖发菜的非法行为必须加以严格制止﹐否则沙尘暴将会更加肆虐﹗为此﹐专家们发出强烈呼吁﹕为明天的环境保护﹐从现在起﹐从我们自己做起﹐禁食发菜﹗

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