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内蒙古呼伦贝尔大草原在哭泣

【多维新闻社6日电】在内蒙古呼伦贝尔大草原上生长着一种叫作防风的中药材,有些人不顾国家法律和当地人民政府的禁令,受利益驱使大肆挖掘,致使草原受到严重的破坏。  

据内蒙古日报8月6日报道,据了解,在呼盟每年的春季到秋季,都会有许多人到草原上挖药材,并且由过去的单人骑摩托车发展到现在开着大卡车进入草原非法挖掘。仅陈巴尔虎旗西乌珠尔苏牧的1200平方公里的草场,被破坏面积就已接近50%。另外,草原上到秋天开始用打草机打草,以备牛羊过冬,现在有这么多土坑,打草机根本进不来,冬天牲畜吃草,很可能问题。  

另外,据专家介绍,防风是草原上一种常见的、有药用价值的伴生植物,是一种护沙力极强的植物。专家说,呼伦贝尔草原上的土壤属于粒盖土,大部分是沙质土壤,这种土壤养分含量比较低,有潜在的沙漠化趋势。一旦地表的植被和土壤遭到破坏以后,在风的作用下,很容易引起风蚀和沙漠化。

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