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Biography of Hada



Hada (The Mongols in Inner Mongolia use only one name. They are not allowed to use last name) was born in Horchin Right Wing Front Banner of Inner Mongolia in 1955. He got his first degree from the department of Mongolian language and Literature at the Inner Mongolian Teacher's College for Nationalities in 1983. After graduation, he worked as an editor at the Inner Mongolian People's Publishing House for three years. Then he became a graduate student in the department of politics, Inner Mongolian Teacher's University in 1986 and in 1989, he graduated with a master's degree in philosophy.

In October 1989 he opened the Mongolian Academic Bookstore in Hohhot, the capital city of Inner Mongolia.

Since the 1980's he had been an active member of the underground organizations of the Mongols of Inner Mongolia. The goals of those organizations were to preserve and protect the religious and cultural heritage of the Mongols, as well as to fight for the social and political rights of the Mongols, which are guaranteed by the constitution of the People’s Republic of China but never have materialized.

In May 1992, Mr. Hada and other Mongol students and intellectuals established the Southern Mongolian Democracy Alliance (SMDA) and Mr. Hada became the chairman.

He and the SMDA published an underground journal---The Voice of the Southern Mongolia and he also finished a book---The Way Out for the Southern Mongols. In his book, he stated the true facts of what the Chinese Communist government has done to the Mongols of Inner Mongolia, including the following:

Mass killings of the Mongols in Inner Mongolia through waves of political campaigns;
Deprivation of the social and political rights through communist totalitarian regime;
Total destruction to the Mongol religious system, culture and traditional customs;
Gross violation to the fundamental rights of the Mongols;
Mass immigration of the Chinese into Inner Mongolia;
Irreversible destruction of the environment;
Birth-control policies toward the Mongol;

He pointed out in his book that the only way out for the Southern (Inner) Mongols is to stand up and fight for their legitimate rights given by the constitution of the People’s Republic of China.

In 1995, he and the SMDA organized several peaceful demonstrations in the capital city of Inner Mongolia to demand the Chinese government to materialize the rights of the Mongols written in the constitution of the P.R.China as well as in the self-government Constitution of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.

After organizing a demonstration and school strike among the teachers and students in the universities and colleges of Hohhot in Dec. 1995, Mr. Hada and other dozens of Mongols, including his wife Xinna and his brother Has, were arrested by the authorities. On Dec. 6, 1996, after a year of detention without trial, he was charged with the crimes of separatism and espionage for Mongolia and sentenced to 15 years in jail. His appeal was rejected a month later and currently, he is imprisoned in the 4-th prison of Inner Mongolia, in city of Chi Feng (Ulaan-Hada).

He has serious health problems, such as stomach ulcer, coronary heart disease and rheumarthritis. Despite the Hada family's continuous demand to give him appropriate medical treatment, his illness remains untreated and his health is deteriorating.

Hada's wife and brother were also arrested with Mr. Hada in 1995 and spent 3 months in prison without charges. During the time, their 4 years old son was left home alone. Hada's bookstore was closed down immediately after his arrest and all the books, research papers and other properties were confiscated as criminal utilities and evidence. A cordless phone was also confiscated because Xinna used it to give interview with the Voice of America. Xinna has been under close surveillance and often questioned by officers from the Bureau of Public Security and the Bureau of National Security. She and her son were detained for 4 days during the celebration of 50th anniversary of establishment of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in July 1997. The authorities ignored Xinna’s numerous requests to re-open the bookstore to support the family. The authorities don’t allow her to take any jobs and the family’s living condition has been extremely difficult.


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Close to Eden (Urga): France, Soviet Union, directed by Nikita Mikhilkov

Beyond Great WallsBeyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity, and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

The Mongols at China's EdgeThe Mongols at China's Edge: History and the Politics of National Unity

China's Pastoral RegionChina's Pastoral Region: Sheep and Wool, Minority Nationalities, Rangeland Degradation and Sustainable Development

Changing Inner MongoliaChanging Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)

Grasslands and Grassland Science in Northern ChinaGrasslands and Grassland Science in Northern China: A Report of the Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China

The Ordos Plateau of ChinaThe Ordos Plateau of China: An Endangered Environment (Unu Studies on Critical Environmental Regions)
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