Inner Mongolia People's Party (IMPP)
points out that the human right situation in Inner Mongolia
[ Voice Of America report by Dong Fang,
January 26, 1999 ] Just before the US State Department issues
its annual human rights report, Enhebatu, person who is in charge
of IMPP and fled to the US from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
of Northern China, indicates that the human rights situation
in Inner Mongolia is deteriorating quickly, and the violation
of human rights in that region is even worse than that in Tibet
and Xinjiang. He is urging the international community to pay
close attention to the human rights situation In Inner Mongolia.
According to Enhebatu, since an Inner Mongolia Court sentenced
Hada, the owner of a
bookstore, to prison for 15 years, the prison situation for
Hada is worsening day by day and his family has been repeatedly
harassed. The alleged crime for Hada is separatism and espionage.
Another democratic activist Tegexi, who was also arrested
along with Hada, has been sentenced to prison for 10 years
due to the same alleged crime. Both Hada. And Tegexi are members
of the Southern Mongolia Democratic Alliance (SMDA).
Mongolian study bookstore, an extracurricular center for
According to Hada's wife Xinna words, Hada used to work as
an editor at the Section on Political Theory, Inner Mongolia
People's Publishing House. He is also one of the small Number
of Master's students in Inner Mongolia and has done considerably
good research on the Mongolian culture, language and history.
He opened and became the manager of a Mongolian study bookstore
in Huhhot, the capital city of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
In the bookstore, he met with many students coming to buy
books and they often had exciting discussions on a wide variety
of issues. As a result, his bookstore became a favorite place
for the students and intellectuals to gather.
Because of his favorite bookstore, Hada and some of his friends,
including Tegexi from Inner Mongolia Office of Foreign Affairs,
was able to form an organization called "Southern Mongolia
Democratic Alliance" (SMDA). The goal of this organization
was to promote a high-degree of autonomy in Inner Mongolia,
to protect the human rights in Inner Mongolia and to preserve
the Inner Mongolian cultural heritage and the ecosystem. The
Chinese government defined SMDA as a counterrevolutionary
organization engaging in splitting the country. In early December
of 1995, a total of 7 Mongolian intellectuals including Hada
and Tegexi plus some other Inner Mongolia government officials,
were arrested by police. The bookstore was forced to close
down and all the books and other properties were confiscated.
Hada's wife Xinna says that her family was earning a living
by managing the bookstore, the survival of her and her son
has been a problem ever since her husband was arrested and
the bookstore was closed.
International community is paying attention to the human
right issue in Inner Mongolia
According to the reports by some western media, there were
two demonstrations held In Huhhot, the capital city of Inner
Mongolia Autonomous Region, after Hada was sentenced to prison
for 15 years. More than 200 students and other Mongolians
had participated in one of the demonstrations. The demonstrators
held Genghis Khan's portraits, sang the Mongolian song "Gaada
Meirin" and distributed leaflets written in Mongolian.
Later the demonstrators were dispersed by the police and more
than 20 people were arrested.
Xinna, Hada's wife, says the authorities took away all their
books that are worth over 200,000 RMB (Chinese currency) and
have never returned them, Due to her husband's involvement
in the activities, Xinna was also detained by police twice.
She says her son was beaten by the police one day when they
visited her husband in prison.
The human rights situation in Inner Mongolia is getting the
attention of the international community. Hongzhu Gao, official
from US State Department responsible for human rights issues,
expressed that he had been working on the Chinese section
in the human rights report and the report would be covering
the human right situation in minority regions ofChina such
as Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. In the meantime, US
government also exchanging opinions with other governments
and organizations so that they can decide their position during
this year's UN convention on human right issue.