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An European Parliament Resolution on Inner Mongolia

The European Parliament adopted the following resolution on Inner Mongolia, thanks to the great effort of the European Radical Alliance. Also the European People Group, the Liberal group, the Green group and the Union for Europe Group supported the resolution.

  PE/Inner Mongolia: Resolution
  Resolution concerning the present situation in Inner Mongolia and the conviction of the founder of the "Southern Mongolian Democracy Alliance," Sig. Hada.
  The European Parliament,

- in light of its preceding resolutions on the violation of human rights in the People's Republic of China and its annexed territories;

  1. in consideration of the fact that the People's Republic of China has, beginning with its occupation in 1947 and through today, through the continued exercise of a politics of repression towards the population of Inner Mongolia, caused the disappearance of over 150,000 Mongols and the imprisonment of another 800,000 Mongols during the 50 years of Chinese administration;
  2. in consideration of the arrest, on the accusation of fomenting separatist activity, deprivation of political rights for four years, and conviction to 15 years imprisonment of Sig. Hada, who is the founder of the "Southern Mongolian Democracy Alliance" (SMDA);
  3. in consideration of recent events that have transpired in Hohhot, the capital of Inner Mongolia, that have led to the arrest of numerous SMDA activists who are involved in the tutelage of the Mongol cultural and linguistic heritage;
  4. in denouncement of the constant return to the strategy of transferring Chinese nationals to repopulate Inner Mongolia, a policy which began with the annexation of the territory, and that is directed at destroying the ethnic composition of the territory, with over 20 million Chinese citizens, thereby reducing the native population to a small minority (3.6 million Mongols remain according to a 1992 estimate);
  5. in denouncement of the use of sterilization and abortion by the Chinese authorities as practices for controlling demographics;
  6. in observation of the constant register of Buddhist monasteries and attacks upon the cultural, religious, and linguistic integrity of Inner Mongolia;
  7. in consideration of the necessity of a continuous open dialogue between the European Union and the People's Republic of China, most importantly with emphasis on the extreme importance for the respect of human rights and fundamental liberties, let alone economic and commercial relations;
  8. in consideration of the European Union's duty to intervene with all the means at its disposition in order to oppose any type of politics that attempts to destroy the integrity of entire populations or parts thereof, or which aims to suppress their culture or aspirations of autonomy;
  9. with vivid alarm concerning the growing instability in Tibet and Eastern Turkistan (Xianjing), regions that are occupied by the People's Republic of China, and the consequences that these could provoke in the bordering regions;
  1. condemns the politics of the People's Republic of China regarding its inclination to suppress the culture,language, and religion of the population of Inner Mongolia and the suffocation of every legitimate aspiration towards autonomy of the Mongol people and its representatives in exile;
  2. asks that the government of the People's Republic of China initiate a political dialogue with the Mongol opposition so that a peaceful solution to the question be negotiated;
  3. asks that the Chinese government release all its political prisoners whose acts are not provided for by laws or by international treaties;
  4. asks the Chinese government to immediately reopen the trial of Sig. Hada, the founder of the SMDA, and other activists of the SMDA who have been arrested, in the presence of international observers;
  5. asks the Chinese government to allow journalists and international observers regular access to Inner Mongolia;
  6. condemns the recurrent inequality in the political and economic treatment actuated by the Chinese government when dealing with the occupied populations of Inner Mongolia, Eastern Turkistan, Tibet, and other ethnic minorities;
  7. asks the Commission to introduce a clause against ethnic and political discrimination in its cooperation accord with China, as well as the creation of adequate bodies to monitor compliance with the clause;
  8. invites the Commission and the Council to exercise pressure on the authorities of the People's Republic of China until the respect for human rights and fundamental rights be guaranteed, whether it be in Eastern Turkistan, Inner Mongolia, or Tibet;
  9. charges its President with the transmission of the present resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Parliaments of the Member States, the government of the People's Republic of China, the representatives of the Mongol movement in exile, the representatives of the Movement of the people of Eastern Turkistan in exile, and the Tibetan government in exile.





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Changing Inner MongoliaChanging Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)

Grasslands and Grassland Science in Northern ChinaGrasslands and Grassland Science in Northern China: A Report of the Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China

The Ordos Plateau of ChinaThe Ordos Plateau of China: An Endangered Environment (Unu Studies on Critical Environmental Regions)
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