By Li Chun-xia and Shi Jian-jun
English translation by Enhebatu Togochog
[ China Central Television ( CCTV ) International News, June
5, 2002 ] In order to further speed up the environmental developments
pace, Inner Mongolias largest Environmental Immigration
project has recently started up. Currently, herdsmen of some
ten Banners ( Qi ) and Counties ( Xian ) in Inner Mongolias
Chifeng area are being successively relocated from their scattered
dwellings of remote rural areas to relatively population concentrated
and transportation unobstructed new immigration townships.
During the Tenth Five-year Plan, 125,000 people
in Chifeng area in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region will be
relocated as environmental immigrants. 14,000 herdsmen are
expected to be relocated this year.
to be honest, I am not willing to leave my ancestral
homeland where I have lived for my lifetime, however, I have
to, because my livestock have nothing to live on due to the
environmental devastation, says herdsman Jinxi.
One of the reasons of herdsmens being relocated is
that the grasslands which had plenty of water and lush grass
in the past are being seriously degraded and desertificated
because of increasingly growing livestock population. Eco-system
needs to be protected. On the other hand, for long period,
these herdsmen could not resolve their problems such as water
and electricity supply, access to education and medical treatment
due to the scattered residential style.
Reportedly, every relocated herdsmen household could be allocated
with a two-room house provided by the local government and
2 Mu ( approximately 0.1334 hectares ) of irrigational farmland.
The grasslands where they lived still belong to herdsmen,
and they will be allowed to go back to grasslands to reap
grass after the grasslands are recovered. Henceforth, local
governments will tackle the seriously degraded and desertificated
grasslands in a comprehensive way by encircling, rotational
herding, grass-planting, and tree-planting.