Text of report in English by official Chinese news agency
Xinhua (New China News Agency)
Hohhot, 27 March: The Mongolian population has increased to
4.21 million from 832,000 in 1947 in the Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region, the largest habitat of Mongolians in
Mongolians constitute China's eighth largest ethnic group.
They are mainly distributed in eight provinces in north
China, with 70 per cent of them living in the Inner Mongolia
Autonomous Region, which was established in 1947.
The figure comes from a population survey launched by the
regional government in 2005.
The sharp increase is mainly attributed to China's special
family-planning policy for minority ethnic groups, which
allows a family to have two or even three children, while
most Han families, especially in urban areas, are only
permitted to have one child, according to the regional
In addition, great efforts were also made to secure the
health of women and children in the region, which has
carried out a programme since 2001 to provide free medical
treatment for pregnant women from poor families and the
new-born against tetanus, a frequent fatal disease in rural