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Mongolian Dissident Arrested in Beijing

Feb 27, 2008
New York


Soyolt at Inner Mongolian People's Party meeting in Tokyo. Feb 25, 2006


Soyolt, calling for Hada's release in Tokyo, 2006



Jiranbayariin Soyolt, a Southern (Inner) Mongolian dissident in exile and a citizen of Mongolia, was arrested in Beijing Capital Airport on January 6, 2008, while on a business trip to China along with two other Mongolian citizens Mr. Purevsuren, President of Mon-Energeo HHK, and Mr. Bat-Erdene, partner of Purevsuren. The three left Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia, on January 6, 11:45 AM, with Air China airline and arrived at the Beijing Capital Airport on January 6, 1:00 PM.

According to a written communication to SMHRIC by Ms. Tuyaa, wife of Soyolt, Purevsuren and Bat-Erden entered the airport customs check followed by Soyolt. After waiting for Soyolt outside the customs check for two hours, Purevsuren and Bat-Erden returned to the customs counter to inquire about the reason for Soyolt’s delay. At the customs counter, they saw Soyolt in handcuffs surrounded by 5 policemen. Upon seeing them, Soyolt told them that he has been arrested by the Chinese police and asked them to contact his family and the Mongolian Embassy in Beijing immediately on his behalf. Purevsuren contacted Soyolt’s family immediately to inform the family members of what had happened to Soyolt in Beijing.

Soyolt’s family members in Ulaanbaatar immediately sent an appeal to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia calling for Soyolt’s immediate release. The Ministry acted promptly to contact the Chinese authorities and assigned Soyolt’s case to its foreign affairs officer, Mr. Boldoo. Since the arrest, Soyolt’s family has been in frequent contact with the foreign affairs office.

On January 11, according to Tuyaa, Soyolt was forced by the Chinese authorities to contact Purevsuren by telephone from Beijing to tell him that he is still being held in Beijing for “some issue” with his passport, and asked Purevsuren and others not to reveal anything about his arrest to any foreign news media in order not to “make things worse”. Under this threat, family members and friends of Soyolt have kept quiet and waited for his release until fairly recently. However, a series of official notes and requests by the Mongolian Government regarding the case have been completely ignored by the Chinese Government.

Soyolt’s wife, Ms. Tuyaa accompanied by Mr. Purevsuren traveled to Beijing on January 28, and met with officials of the Embassy of Mongolia to Beijing. On January 31, on behalf of Soyolt’s family members, Mr. Badamnyambuu, director of the Consular Office of the Embassy, and Purevsuren visited Public Security authorities in Beijing and met with a top official there to express their concern on Soyolt’s case. The Beijing Public Security authorities confirmed that Soyolt did enter China through Beijing Capital Airport on January 6, 2008 even though they had previously repeatedly denied any knowledge of Soyolt’s whereabouts.

SMHRIC has contacted the Consular Office director Badamnyambuu in Beijing however he declined to provide any information on the case, stating that “it is inappropriate for me to explain it over the phone”. SMHRIC also contacted the Beijing Airport Security Department and the Custom Check Office over the phone. All refused to provide any information on the case.

Jiranbayariin Soyolt, a long-term dissident, human rights activist and one of the founding members of several exiled groups based in Mongolia, was born in central Southern Mongolia’s Shiliin-gol League. He was one of the leaders of the 1981 Mongolian Student Movement, a mass protest by ethnic Mongolian students and intellectuals against the Chinese Central Government’s plan for migrating 600,000 Hans into Southern Mongolia without any consultation with local Mongols. In 1992, he went into exile in the independent country of Mongolia and continued his human rights activities, criticizing the Chinese Government’s ethnic policy and defending the human rights of the Mongols in China. In 1993, Soyolt attended the World Mongolian Alliance First Congress in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, and gave a speech publicly criticizing China’s gross human rights violations in Southern Mongolia and called the Chinese ethnic policy as “a policy of ethnic cleansing and cultural genocide”. Later he was granted political asylum in Mongolia, and in1997 he was granted citizenship of Mongolia under the Naturalization Act of Mongolia.

China’s State Security internal document entitled “Overview of Inner Mongolian Separatist Organizations Abroad” ( available at SMHRIC website at: ) listed him as the founder and leader of the Ulaanbaatar Branch of the Inner Mongolian People’s Party, an exiled group advocating the independence of Southern Mongolia, and the Secretary General of the “Association of the World Mongolian Revitalization Movement” whose constitution, according to the document, is “to unite with Tibetan and Uyghur youth and ally with Han-Chinese democratic parties and individuals to create a multi-lateral coalition to overthrow the regime of the communist party and to achieve the unification of the Mongol nationality, ultimately to found the ‘Pacific Eastern Great Mongol Empire’ where the sun never sets.”

More information on his background and recent case development can be obtained from the following contacts:

Ms. Tuyaa, wife of Soyolt:
Tel: 00976-1132-5376  or  00976-8819-8067   (speaks Mongolian only)
Ms. Sarnaa, daughter of Soyolt:
Tel: 00976-9982-2276  (speaks Mongolian and some English)
Mr. Tumen-ulzii, friend of Soyolt:
Tel: 00976-9998-5536   (speaks Mongolian and Chinese)
Mr. Badamnyambuu, director of Consular Office of the Embassy of Mongolia to Beijing:
Tel: 0086-133-6621-6660  (speaks Mongolian and possibly Chinese)
Mr. Boldoo, foreign affairs officer who handles Soyolt’s case:
Tel: 00976-5126-2319   (speaks Mongolian and possibly English)

More phone numbers of the Embassy of Mongolia to Beijing can be obtained here:



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