Members of the Commission, Ladies and
First of all, I thank the commission for giving me this
opportunity to speak on the human rights situation in Inner
Mongolia. My name is Oyunbilig. I came to the US from Inner
Mongolia in 1995 and now Iím staying in the US as a political
Due to the limited time, Iíll be straight to the point. However,
I do need to point out that the southern part of the Mongol land
and its people had always been a part of the Mongol nation that
came to exist in 13th century and thatís where the name Inner
Mongolia came to be. In 1947, the Chinese government setup the
ďInner Mongolian Autonomous RegionĒ against the will of the
Mongol people. Since then, individual human rights have been
deprived from the Mongols in Inner Mongolia, along with their
political and civil rights as a people. For more than half a
century, the Mongols in Inner Mongolia have witnessed some most
horrifying events in our peopleís history: mass killings of
innocent civilians; total destruction of the religious
establishments; calculated and forced cultural assimilation that
brought the Mongol culture and tradition to the brink of
extinction; and catastrophic destruction of the grassland, just
to name a few.
Now, Iíll provide two cases as testimonies to what we are very
The first one is the case of Mr. Hada and Mr. Tegexi. In 1992,
Mr. Hada, Mr. Tegexi and other Mongol students and intellectuals
established the Southern Mongolian Democracy Alliance (SMDA).
The goal of the SMDA was to promote and preserve Mongolian
language, history and culture in Inner Mongolia and to strive
for the civil and political rights for the Mongols.
December, 1995, Mr. Hada, Mr. Tegexi and over 70 members and
supporters of the SMDA were arrested after they organized
peaceful demonstrations and student strikes at universities
against the Chinese governmentís oppressive policies toward the
Mongols in Inner Mongolia. On Dec. 6, 1996, Mr. Hada was charged
with crimes of inciting separatism and was sentenced to 15 years
in jail. Mr. Tegexi was accused of similar crimes and was
sentenced to 10 years in jail. Today, Mr. Tegexiís whereabouts
are not known.
According to Hadaís wife, Ms. Xinna, Hada has been tortured by
the prison guards constantly and suffers from a number of
physical illnesses. Ms. Xinna was also arrested several times
for giving interviews to foreign media, including Voice of
America and Radio Free Asia. The bookstore they owned was
shutdown and that left Ms. Xinna and their son Uiles with no
reliable sources of living. In 2001, Hadaís 16-year old son
Uiles was expelled from school without sufficient explanations
from the school. Later in Dec. 2001, he was arrested for alleged
robbery and sentenced to two years in jail, again, without
proper trial. According to Ms. Xinna, prison guards also beat
Uiles several times.
The second case concerns the Chinese governmentís on-going
effort to evict and re-locate Mongol herders by force.
recent years, sand storms originated from the north have become
a big problem for China as they grow in calamity and frequency.
Beijing is one of the major cities hit by the sand storm,
because of its close proximity to Inner Mongolia. Government
officials in Beijing had long ignored the problem until they
were exposed to the threat of sand storms. However, they put the
blame on the Mongol herders and their animals, instead of on
their own policies toward Inner Mongolia. Since the early 50ís,
the Chinese government moved millions of Han Chinese into Inner
Mongolia as an attempt to make the occupation of Inner Mongolia
a fait accompli. Most of these Han Chinese are peasants and
their only means of life is to cultivate the land. Unsuited for
agricultural cultivation that strips the land of its topsoil,
the Inner Mongolia steppe would turn into patches of desert
after only a few years of farming, the consequence of which is
threatening Chinaís capital now.
The Chinese government started a program to forcefully relocate
Mongol herders two years ago under the pretext that the main
reason for the sand storms is overgrazing. According to the
Xinhua News Agency, the program will resettle about 650,000
people in six years and most of them are Mongol herders. One of
the nine prefectures of Inner Mongolia already declared a total
ban on livestock herding. We have many reports from Inner
Mongolia indicating that Mongol herders were asked to sell off
their livestock and were forced out from their pastures into
unfamiliar territory and unknown lifestyle, without any support
from the government.
Members of commission, Mr. Hada and Mr. Tegexi are two of the
few political prisoners who are serving ten or more years of
prison terms in China. I would like to ask the commission and
the US congress to bring up their cases during the future
contact with Chinese officials; I also ask you to urge the
Chinese government to stop the relocation program that is aimed
at the Mongol herders, and provide adequate support and subsidy
for those already have been displaced.
Thank you very much.
17125 King James Way, #
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
Phone: (301) 990-7928