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  Inner Mongolian authorities carry out new policies: Land use first, formalities later on



Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center,

June 24, 2003, New York City

According to the official Inner Mongolia Daily reports, Inner Mongolian Department of Land Resource Management recently announced five new policies, to encourage ethnic Han Chinese population to enter the "autonomous region" and to actively occupy as well as to use the land while native Mongolian nomads are requested to abandon their traditional way of life. These new policies included the following:

1. Under the excuses of encouraging so called "the process of new types of industrialization" and securing the need of land use for "key national projects", the new policy legally ensured the privileges of "using land first, formalities later on" for organizations and individuals from all over the country. This new policy claims that formalities can be done within six months from the beginning of land use.

2. Using "urban construction and economic development" as an excuse, forcibly carries out urbanization. It asserts openly that it will actively guide and regulate the construction projects to be concentrated toward the development areas; township enterprises to be concentrated toward small industrial areas, residence of farmers and nomads to be concentrated toward small towns and major villages" ("Three Concentration"). During urbanization, the government will ensure every need of land use for urban constructions.

3. Actively serve the "Three Agriculture", carry forward the industrialization of agriculture and animal husbandry. Under the slogan of "Optimizing the land-use structure", the government will give energetic support to the agriculturalization, and will actively regulate the structure of traditional animal husbandry.

4. Practice and implement the policy of farming land protection. Implement strictly policies such as keeping balance between the occupation and subsidy of basic farmland and cultivated areas, and the land use regulation, and so forth. Actively try out a new policy, in each area differently, of rebate and compensation of construction land quota. During the process of "Three Concentration" (see in 2), through investigation, verification and approval, re-cultivated construction land may be traded with other types of cultivated lands. Extra area of land that comes as a result of re-shuffling, may be compensated with the quota of cultivated area for construction use at certain ratio.

5. Relaxation on the market restriction. On issues such as selling of right of use, right of prospecting and mining, and surveying and acquiring natural resources, the restrictions on ownership, region and the identity of investors will be entirely broken, and it will be open to all citizen for equal competition.

The above policies ensure legally that the Han Chinese from China proper would occupy the ancestral lands of ethnic Mongols in Inner Mongolia under the name of "opening up and constructing", and by excuses of "residence of nomads to be concentrated toward small cities and major villages" as well as "to "regulate the structure of agriculture and animal husbandry", to completely change the traditional mode of production of the Mongols in order to reach the goal of assimilating the ethnic Mongols.





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Changing Inner MongoliaChanging Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)

Grasslands and Grassland Science in Northern ChinaGrasslands and Grassland Science in Northern China: A Report of the Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China

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