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  Group Charges Cover-up
Radio Free Asia
October 24, 2011
Washington DC
The latest death of a herdsman in Inner Mongolia highlights an unending grassland destruction crisis.

A human rights group on Monday accused Chinese authorities of trying to cover up the death of an ethnic Mongolian herdsman hit by an oil truck as he was protesting the destruction of traditional grazing land in Inner Mongolia.

"With apparent nervousness, the Chinese authorities are attempting to control public opinion through their Internet police system," the U.S.-based Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC), which closely monitors the human rights situation in China's northern region of Inner Mongolia.

It identified the man who died on Thursday as Zorigt, saying the herder was an active part of a community trying to protect their grasslands—the heartland of Mongol culture—in Huhtolgoi Gachaa in Uushin (in Chinese, Uxin) Banner (county).

The herdsmen "have been struggling to protect their land and livestock from unregulated Chinese oil and gas transport trucks that drive roughshod through their grazing lands and kill livestock," the SMHRIC said.

"During a number of confrontations between the local Mongolian herders and the Shuurhei Oil-Gas Field transporters, Zorigt and others were beaten and hospitalized several times previously," it alleged.

Worst protests

In May, the death of a herder named Murgen, who was run over after a standoff with mining company truck drivers in Shiliin Gol, sparked the worst demonstrations in two decades in Inner Mongolia, a region bordering Mongolia—a separate, independent country.

The protesters, including university students, called for the protection of herders’ rights and condemned the exploitation of grasslands.

The authorities cracked down on the mass protests by dispatching troops and confining students to campuses. A truck driver was convicted of causing Murgen's death and sentenced to death.

Ethnic Mongolians, who make up nearly one-fifth of Inner Mongolia's 24 million people, claim their grazing lands have been ruined by mining and desertification.

China's official news agency Xinhua said Zorigt's death on Thursday was caused by a "traffic accident," saying the truck driver, named Li Youliang, saw a man, whose name was given in Chinese as Zhaorigetu, blocking the road.

Li drove around him, but when Zhaorigetu saw that the truck did not stop, he got on a motorcycle and chased the truck, the report said.

After following the truck for a distance, Zhaorigetu sped up to pass the truck on the right side and collided with it. Zhaorigetu was taken to the hospital and died of his injuries hours later, according to Xinhua.


But the SMHRIC charged that Xinhua tried "to prevent possible unrest by the Mongolians" and "preemptively reported on the event, calling it a 'traffic accident.'"

But it said that the same report, in an apparent contradiction, also revealed that “the driver has already been taken into custody by the Uushin Banner Public Security Bureau in accordance with the law for his involvement in a ‘crime of traffic disturbance.’”

The report, it said, has "disappeared" from other major domestic Chinese language Internet news sites, where it had been republished.

Citing unconfirmed reports, the SMHRIC also said that the case is being handled "swiftly and quietly" by a special task force dispatched from the Chinese Ministry of Public Security in a bid to prevent new unrest among Mongolians.

Many complained that the Chinese authorities’ promises to respect herders’ rights "have never been achieved," it said.

Reported by RFA's Mandarin and Cantonese services. Written in English by Parameswaran Ponnudurai and Rachel Vandenbrink.



From Yeke-juu League to Ordos Municipality: settler colonialism and alter/native urbanization in Inner Mongolia

Close to Eden (Urga): France, Soviet Union, directed by Nikita Mikhilkov

Beyond Great WallsBeyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity, and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

The Mongols at China's EdgeThe Mongols at China's Edge: History and the Politics of National Unity

China's Pastoral RegionChina's Pastoral Region: Sheep and Wool, Minority Nationalities, Rangeland Degradation and Sustainable Development

Changing Inner MongoliaChanging Inner Mongolia: Pastoral Mongolian Society and the Chinese State (Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology)

Grasslands and Grassland Science in Northern ChinaGrasslands and Grassland Science in Northern China: A Report of the Committee on Scholarly Communication With the People's Republic of China

The Ordos Plateau of ChinaThe Ordos Plateau of China: An Endangered Environment (Unu Studies on Critical Environmental Regions)

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